If-then: A HBR tip for goal setting we hadn’t heard of


Last week, Valeria (Diverse City Careers Co-founder) and I hosted the “Setting yourself up for success in 2016” Meetups across Australia. All events were fantastic and it was great to engage with such a wonderful group of career driven and like-minded ladies.

During the sessions, we covered the ‘usual suspects’ of goal setting tips, namely the S.M.A.R.T principle. This principle helps you set goals so you can actually reach them- the acronym stands for:

  • Specific
  • Measurable
  • Achievable
  • Realistic
  • Time-bound

So for instance, instead of setting an ambiguous goal such as “I want to be healthier this year”, a S.M.A.R.T goal will be “I want to run 5km in 27minutes by the 30th March”.

If-then: A HBR tip for goal setting we hadn’t heard of

The reality is that most people don’t achieve the goals they set at the start of the year. So what is the difference between those people and highly successful people that do achieve their goals? It’s a common misconception that successful people are more motivated; to some extent this is true, but the biggest difference is successful people have action plans and contingencies.

Reaching a new goal often comes down to some sort of habit change. Habits are embedded in us as humans and the majority of the time we are functioning on autopilot, which is why action plans are so import


Based on over 200 studies, Harvard Business Review concludes that people who use a technique called ‘if-then’ planning are 300% more likely to achieve their goals. This is a huge impact and has certainly worked for me!

‘If-then’ plans work because contingencies are built into our neurological wiring. Humans are very good at encoding information in “If x, then y” terms and using those connections (often unconsciously) to guide their behaviour. When people decide exactly when, where, and how they will fulfil their goals, they create a link in their brains between a certain situation or cue (“If or when x happens”) and the behaviour that should follow (“then I will do y”). In this way, they establish powerful triggers for action. (HBR- Get Your Team to Do What It Says It’s Going to Do by Heidi Grant Halvorson)

Some examples of ‘if-then’ planning may be:

If I begin procrastinating, then I’m going to set a timer and work on my highest priority task for 25 minutes.”

If I go to a restaurant and they offer me dessert, then I’m going to order a coffee instead.”

During the Meetups we held, it was also great to hear about some of the other techniques the participants use to achieve goals. Some of my favourite were:

  • Set milestones and give yourself a small reward when you hit each milestone.
  • Cut yourself some slack, if you don’t achieve your goal when you first set out to, reassess and reset another timeframe.
  • Surround yourself with people who have achieved similar goals (you are the sum of the 5 people you spend the most time with.)

If-then: A HBR tip for goal setting we hadn’t heard of

If you missed out on DCC’s last Meetups, don’t worry- we will be continuing to hold them bi-monthly and you can join our Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne Meetup groups to keep across them.

Wishing you the most successful year yet!

About Gemma Lloyd

Gemma Lloyd is co-founder of Diverse City Careers (DCC), Company Secretary for the Diversity Practitioners Association (DPA) and has served on two not-for-profit Boards including IT Queensland and Females in Technology and Telecommunications (FITT). Through years of working in an industry under-represented by females, Gemma co-founded DCC with the goal of making a difference. It is now seen as one of Australia's leading ambassadors of gender diversity. DCC helps organisations embed diversity to drive outstanding results within teams and build better workplaces. Gemma is passionate about helping women achieve career goals and is a regular speaker at events focused on women’s confidence, personal branding and gender diversity. Such events include DCC's Better Ways of Working meetups, Women in Digital, XX in Tech, Griffith University’s “Leadership Engaging Diversity” and the keynote at SOPAC 2016.

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